CVE-2021-47414

NameCVE-2021-47414
DescriptionIn the Linux kernel, the following vulnerability has been resolved: riscv: Flush current cpu icache before other cpus On SiFive Unmatched, I recently fell onto the following BUG when booting: [ 0.000000] ftrace: allocating 36610 entries in 144 pages [ 0.000000] Oops - illegal instruction [#1] [ 0.000000] Modules linked in: [ 0.000000] CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper Not tainted 5.13.1+ #5 [ 0.000000] Hardware name: SiFive HiFive Unmatched A00 (DT) [ 0.000000] epc : riscv_cpuid_to_hartid_mask+0x6/0xae [ 0.000000] ra : __sbi_rfence_v02+0xc8/0x10a [ 0.000000] epc : ffffffff80007240 ra : ffffffff80009964 sp : ffffffff81803e10 [ 0.000000] gp : ffffffff81a1ea70 tp : ffffffff8180f500 t0 : ffffffe07fe30000 [ 0.000000] t1 : 0000000000000004 t2 : 0000000000000000 s0 : ffffffff81803e60 [ 0.000000] s1 : 0000000000000000 a0 : ffffffff81a22238 a1 : ffffffff81803e10 [ 0.000000] a2 : 0000000000000000 a3 : 0000000000000000 a4 : 0000000000000000 [ 0.000000] a5 : 0000000000000000 a6 : ffffffff8000989c a7 : 0000000052464e43 [ 0.000000] s2 : ffffffff81a220c8 s3 : 0000000000000000 s4 : 0000000000000000 [ 0.000000] s5 : 0000000000000000 s6 : 0000000200000100 s7 : 0000000000000001 [ 0.000000] s8 : ffffffe07fe04040 s9 : ffffffff81a22c80 s10: 0000000000001000 [ 0.000000] s11: 0000000000000004 t3 : 0000000000000001 t4 : 0000000000000008 [ 0.000000] t5 : ffffffcf04000808 t6 : ffffffe3ffddf188 [ 0.000000] status: 0000000200000100 badaddr: 0000000000000000 cause: 0000000000000002 [ 0.000000] [<ffffffff80007240>] riscv_cpuid_to_hartid_mask+0x6/0xae [ 0.000000] [<ffffffff80009474>] sbi_remote_fence_i+0x1e/0x26 [ 0.000000] [<ffffffff8000b8f4>] flush_icache_all+0x12/0x1a [ 0.000000] [<ffffffff8000666c>] patch_text_nosync+0x26/0x32 [ 0.000000] [<ffffffff8000884e>] ftrace_init_nop+0x52/0x8c [ 0.000000] [<ffffffff800f051e>] ftrace_process_locs.isra.0+0x29c/0x360 [ 0.000000] [<ffffffff80a0e3c6>] ftrace_init+0x80/0x130 [ 0.000000] [<ffffffff80a00f8c>] start_kernel+0x5c4/0x8f6 [ 0.000000] ---[ end trace f67eb9af4d8d492b ]--- [ 0.000000] Kernel panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill the idle task! [ 0.000000] ---[ end Kernel panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill the idle task! ]--- While ftrace is looping over a list of addresses to patch, it always failed when patching the same function: riscv_cpuid_to_hartid_mask. Looking at the backtrace, the illegal instruction is encountered in this same function. However, patch_text_nosync, after patching the instructions, calls flush_icache_range. But looking at what happens in this function: flush_icache_range -> flush_icache_all -> sbi_remote_fence_i -> __sbi_rfence_v02 -> riscv_cpuid_to_hartid_mask The icache and dcache of the current cpu are never synchronized between the patching of riscv_cpuid_to_hartid_mask and calling this same function. So fix this by flushing the current cpu's icache before asking for the other cpus to do the same.
SourceCVE (at NVD; CERT, LWN, oss-sec, fulldisc, Red Hat, Ubuntu, Gentoo, SUSE bugzilla/CVE, GitHub advisories/code/issues, web search, more)

Vulnerable and fixed packages

The table below lists information on source packages.

Source PackageReleaseVersionStatus
linux (PTS)buster4.19.249-2vulnerable
buster (security)4.19.304-1vulnerable
bullseye5.10.209-2fixed
bullseye (security)5.10.218-1fixed
bookworm6.1.76-1fixed
bookworm (security)6.1.90-1fixed
sid, trixie6.8.12-1fixed

The information below is based on the following data on fixed versions.

PackageTypeReleaseFixed VersionUrgencyOriginDebian Bugs
linuxsourcebullseye5.10.84-1
linuxsource(unstable)5.14.12-1

Notes

https://git.kernel.org/linus/bb8958d5dc79acbd071397abb57b8756375fe1ce (5.15-rc5)

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