CVE-2023-39513

NameCVE-2023-39513
DescriptionCacti is an open source operational monitoring and fault management framework. Affected versions are subject to a Stored Cross-Site-Scripting (XSS) Vulnerability which allows an authenticated user to poison data stored in the _cacti_'s database. These data will be viewed by administrative _cacti_ accounts and execute JavaScript code in the victim's browser at view-time. The script under `host.php` is used to monitor and manage hosts in the _cacti_ app, hence displays useful information such as data queries and verbose logs. _CENSUS_ found that an adversary that is able to configure a data-query template with malicious code appended in the template path, in order to deploy a stored XSS attack against any user with the _General Administration>Sites/Devices/Data_ privileges. A user that possesses the _Template Editor>Data Queries_ permissions can configure the data query template path in _cacti_. Please note that such a user may be a low privileged user. This configuration occurs through `http://<HOST>/cacti/data_queries.php` by editing an existing or adding a new data query template. If a template is linked to a device then the formatted template path will be rendered in the device's management page, when a _verbose data query_ is requested. This vulnerability has been addressed in version 1.2.25. Users are advised to upgrade. Users unable to update should manually filter HTML output.
SourceCVE (at NVD; CERT, LWN, oss-sec, fulldisc, Red Hat, Ubuntu, Gentoo, SUSE bugzilla/CVE, GitHub advisories/code/issues, web search, more)
ReferencesDLA-3765-1, DSA-5646-1

Vulnerable and fixed packages

The table below lists information on source packages.

Source PackageReleaseVersionStatus
cacti (PTS)buster1.2.2+ds1-2+deb10u4vulnerable
buster (security)1.2.2+ds1-2+deb10u6fixed
bullseye1.2.16+ds1-2+deb11u2vulnerable
bullseye (security)1.2.16+ds1-2+deb11u3fixed
bookworm1.2.24+ds1-1+deb12u1vulnerable
bookworm (security)1.2.24+ds1-1+deb12u2fixed
sid, trixie1.2.27+ds1-2fixed

The information below is based on the following data on fixed versions.

PackageTypeReleaseFixed VersionUrgencyOriginDebian Bugs
cactisourcebuster1.2.2+ds1-2+deb10u6DLA-3765-1
cactisourcebullseye1.2.16+ds1-2+deb11u3DSA-5646-1
cactisourcebookworm1.2.24+ds1-1+deb12u2DSA-5646-1
cactisource(unstable)1.2.25+ds1-1

Notes

https://github.com/Cacti/cacti/security/advisories/GHSA-9fj7-8f2j-2rw2
Initial fix (partially reverted): https://github.com/Cacti/cacti/commit/976f44dd8dfb2410e0dba00de9c4bbca17ee8910 (release/1.2.25)
General fix: https://github.com/Cacti/cacti/commit/f66ed84ee2dfd22581e831db97afd2bb145312ef (release/1.2.25)
Actual fix: https://github.com/Cacti/cacti/commit/23abb0e0a9729bd056b56f4fb5a6fc8e7ebda523 (release/1.2.25)

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