DescriptionIn the Linux kernel, the following vulnerability has been resolved: mac802154: fix llsec key resources release in mac802154_llsec_key_del mac802154_llsec_key_del() can free resources of a key directly without following the RCU rules for waiting before the end of a grace period. This may lead to use-after-free in case llsec_lookup_key() is traversing the list of keys in parallel with a key deletion: refcount_t: addition on 0; use-after-free. WARNING: CPU: 4 PID: 16000 at lib/refcount.c:25 refcount_warn_saturate+0x162/0x2a0 Modules linked in: CPU: 4 PID: 16000 Comm: wpan-ping Not tainted 6.7.0 #19 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.16.2-debian-1.16.2-1 04/01/2014 RIP: 0010:refcount_warn_saturate+0x162/0x2a0 Call Trace: <TASK> llsec_lookup_key.isra.0+0x890/0x9e0 mac802154_llsec_encrypt+0x30c/0x9c0 ieee802154_subif_start_xmit+0x24/0x1e0 dev_hard_start_xmit+0x13e/0x690 sch_direct_xmit+0x2ae/0xbc0 __dev_queue_xmit+0x11dd/0x3c20 dgram_sendmsg+0x90b/0xd60 __sys_sendto+0x466/0x4c0 __x64_sys_sendto+0xe0/0x1c0 do_syscall_64+0x45/0xf0 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x6e/0x76 Also, ieee802154_llsec_key_entry structures are not freed by mac802154_llsec_key_del(): unreferenced object 0xffff8880613b6980 (size 64): comm "iwpan", pid 2176, jiffies 4294761134 (age 60.475s) hex dump (first 32 bytes): 78 0d 8f 18 80 88 ff ff 22 01 00 00 00 00 ad de x......."....... 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 03 00 cd ab 00 00 00 00 ................ backtrace: [<ffffffff81dcfa62>] __kmem_cache_alloc_node+0x1e2/0x2d0 [<ffffffff81c43865>] kmalloc_trace+0x25/0xc0 [<ffffffff88968b09>] mac802154_llsec_key_add+0xac9/0xcf0 [<ffffffff8896e41a>] ieee802154_add_llsec_key+0x5a/0x80 [<ffffffff8892adc6>] nl802154_add_llsec_key+0x426/0x5b0 [<ffffffff86ff293e>] genl_family_rcv_msg_doit+0x1fe/0x2f0 [<ffffffff86ff46d1>] genl_rcv_msg+0x531/0x7d0 [<ffffffff86fee7a9>] netlink_rcv_skb+0x169/0x440 [<ffffffff86ff1d88>] genl_rcv+0x28/0x40 [<ffffffff86fec15c>] netlink_unicast+0x53c/0x820 [<ffffffff86fecd8b>] netlink_sendmsg+0x93b/0xe60 [<ffffffff86b91b35>] ____sys_sendmsg+0xac5/0xca0 [<ffffffff86b9c3dd>] ___sys_sendmsg+0x11d/0x1c0 [<ffffffff86b9c65a>] __sys_sendmsg+0xfa/0x1d0 [<ffffffff88eadbf5>] do_syscall_64+0x45/0xf0 [<ffffffff890000ea>] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x6e/0x76 Handle the proper resource release in the RCU callback function mac802154_llsec_key_del_rcu(). Note that if llsec_lookup_key() finds a key, it gets a refcount via llsec_key_get() and locally copies key id from key_entry (which is a list element). So it's safe to call llsec_key_put() and free the list entry after the RCU grace period elapses. Found by Linux Verification Center (
SourceCVE (at NVD; CERT, LWN, oss-sec, fulldisc, Red Hat, Ubuntu, Gentoo, SUSE bugzilla/CVE, GitHub advisories/code/issues, web search, more)

Vulnerable and fixed packages

The table below lists information on source packages.

Source PackageReleaseVersionStatus
linux (PTS)buster4.19.249-2vulnerable
buster (security)4.19.304-1vulnerable
bullseye (security)5.10.216-1fixed
bookworm (security)6.1.90-1fixed

The information below is based on the following data on fixed versions.

PackageTypeReleaseFixed VersionUrgencyOriginDebian Bugs

Notes (6.9-rc1)

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